2 edition of Potential socioeconomic consequences of planned fertility reduction found in the catalog.
Potential socioeconomic consequences of planned fertility reduction
A. S. David
1971 by Carolina Population Center, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill in [Chapel Hill] .
Written in English
Bibliography: p. 113-117.
|Statement||[by] A. S. David [and] R. S. S. Sarma.|
|Contributions||Sarma, R. S. S., joint author.|
|LC Classifications||HB3525.N8 D38|
|The Physical Object|
|Pagination||xxv, 118 p.|
|Number of Pages||118|
|LC Control Number||70635256|
Changing Fertility & Life Expectancy Patterns Fertility is measured by the average number of children women between the age of 14 and 44 give birth to in a given society. Over the last three decades statistics clearly show that British women are waiting longer to have children and are choosing to .
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Potential socioeconomic consequences of planned fertility reduction. [Chapel Hill] Carolina Population Center, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, (OCoLC) 1.
Author(s): David,A S; Sarma,R S S Title(s): Potential socioeconomic consequences of planned fertility reduction; North Carolina - a case study [by] A. David [and] R. Sarma. Empirical support for the theory of planned behavior 3 Fertility research and the theory of planned behavior The role of macro-level socioeconomic and institutional contexts 4 Discussion and conclusions perceived positive or negative consequences of Cited by: The analysis in Chapter 5 indicates the relative importance of several proximate determinants in the fertility decline that occurred in Kenya from the mids to the late s.
In this chapter we go beyond the proximate determinants to the underlying socioeconomic factors that, in turn, affect the increases in the age of marriage and the increase in the proportion using contraception. Macroeconomic analyses. The best known early aggregate analysis of the relationship between population growth and development is Kuznets ().His study found a positive correlation between growth rates of population and income per capita within broad country groupings, which he interpreted as evidence of a lack of a negative causal effect of population growth on income growth, contrary Cited by: The E⁄ect of Fertility Reduction on Economic Growth Quamrul H.
Ashrafy David N. Weilz Joshua Wildex October Abstract We assess quantitatively the e⁄ect of exogenous reductions in fertility on output per capita. Our simulation model allows for e⁄ects that run through schooling, the sizeFile Size: KB.
Income and fertility is the association between monetary gain on one hand, and the tendency to produce offspring on the other. There is generally an inverse correlation between income and the total fertility rate within and between nations.
The higher the degree of education and GDP per capita of a human population, subpopulation or social stratum, the fewer children are born in any. Determinants and Consequences of High Fertility | A Synopsis of the Evidence a straightforward causal effect of fertility.
Most economic analyses adopt a multi-period model in which investment by adults in children and other items is driven by expected returns in the File Size: KB. Table shows that since fertility has fallen primarily in older age groups (30 and above). The pace of fertility decline varied, but was fastest between and and between and Table Trends in age-specific fertility rates Age-specific fertility rates (per File Size: KB.
campaigns in high fertility countries, on the assumption that this represents the most effective approach to rapid fertility reduction and thus to mitigation of the alleged ‘population pressure’. This intuitive approach, sometimes known as ‘The northern Perspective’,1 finds support in the ideology, research and actions of File Size: KB.
The Arab world has been undergoing transitions [1,2,3] in all fields of life-social, economic, and health-due to changing demographic conditions [4, 5].
The achievement of low mortality [1,6] as a Author: David Canning. Rodríguez, in International Encyclopedia of the Social & Behavioral Sciences, 3 Ultimate Causes and Consequences of the Decline.
Traditional explanations of fertility decline have focused on socioeconomic changes that reduce the demand for children, but more recently there has been a resurgence of interest in theories that emphasize ideational changes and the diffusion of new ideas.
THEORIES OF FERTILITY Robert L. Brown Claire Norville Abstract Social policy planners are often faced with the difficult task of predicting future levels of fertility. A country’s fertility rate can have many political, social and economic effects.
For example, the demand for social services and medical care, political views and voting. Although fertility decline is driven mainly by reductions in desired fertility, 9 reproductive health and family planning interventions can help families to achieve their fertility goals.
A reproductive health, child health, and family planning intervention in Matlab, Bangladesh, and a similar intervention in Navrongo, Ghana, both led to reduction in total fertility of about one child per Cited by: fertility in India in a multivariate framework, using a district-level panel data set linking the two most recent Censuses, and 4 A district is the basic unit of administration and is the lowest level at which spatially disaggregated information on fertility is available (thereFile Size: KB.
Total fertility rates (TFRs) have decreased worldwide. The Canadian fertility rate has gone from per woman in to in However, not many studies have examined the impact on women's health of reduced fertility rates, delayed fertility and more births to unmarried women.
This paper presents information on the relation between family size and specific determinants of by: 7. regression, which also have the potential to affect the educational attainment of children, the effect of fertility begins to decrease.
In one of the data sets analyzed in this paper, the effect actually becomes slightly positive by the time all of the controls are included in the final Size: KB. Some potential ex- planatory factors include a) individual differences in background, aspirations, motivation and ability, b) resources: family socioeconomic status, informal support networks; c) formal programs of social inter- vention, and d) career contingencies: other events occurring around the time of the birth in other career lines e.g.
Environmental Impacts on Reproductive Health and Fertility 1st Edition Focusing on exposures to environmental contaminants, particularly during critical periods in development and their potential effects on all aspects of future reproductive life-course, this book provides the first comprehensive source of information bringing together the 5/5(1).
China's one-child policy was part of a birth planning program designed to control the size of its population. Distinct from the family planning policies of most other countries (which focus on providing contraceptive options to help women have the number of children they want), it set a limit on the number of births parents could have, the world's most extreme example of population fied Chinese: 独生子女政策.
These large declines in fertility took place in most regions of the world, as shown in Figure 2. Between and fertility rates fell from to in East Asia and the Pacific (a 66 percent reduction), from to in Latin America and the Caribbean, from toFile Size: 1MB.
the ramifications. Only in hindsight are the consequences revealing themselves as highly problematic. In hopes of defining an alternative solution to the current manifestations of the one-child policy, there is a movement towards “cooperative” fertility reduction.
Encouraging the advancement ofFile Size: KB. This special issue of the European Journal of Population focuses on possible economic consequences of low fertility in Europe. This introduction reviews the history of falling fertility in Europe and the literature that explores its causes, its potential implications, and possible policy responses.
The article demonstrates that although low fertility in China was achieved under the government's restrictive one-child policy, structural changes brought about by socioeconomic development and Author: Yong Cai.
The E⁄ect of Fertility Reduction on Economic Growth Quamrul H. Ashrafy David N. Weilz Joshua Wildex February Abstract We assess quantitatively the e⁄ect of exogenous reductions in fertility on output per capita.
Our simulation model allows for e⁄ects that run through schooling, the size and. in September on the theme “Socioeconomic status and fertility before, during and after the demographic transition”.
The workshop was organized by the IUSSP panel for Historical Demography, chaired by Michel Oris and by the Italian Society of Historical Demography. Lucia Pozzi, member of the former and president of the latter, and her. A REVIEW OF MIGRATION AND FERTILITY THEORY THROUGH THE LENS OF AFRICAN IMMIGRANT FERTILITY IN FRANCE ANNE GENEREUX ABSTRACT: This paper evaluates fertility and migration theory in order to further understand the impact of migration on fertility.
I first analyze the fertility and migration literature separately and then look at the burgeoning literature on the impact of. Abortion Policy and the Economics of Fertility Phillip B.
Levine Department of Economics Wellesley College And National Bureau of Economic Research June I would like to thank Doug Staiger for helpful conversations and Jonathan Imber for encouraging me to write this paper.
The contents of this paper represent a synopsis of my. This study investigates the potential effect of urban-origin couples on socioeconomic differences in fertility in rural areas. Data from the Survey of Economic Opportunity are analyzed to show that rural socioeconomic fertility differences are not influenced by the presence of persons of urban by: 5.
examine multiple socio-economic determinants of fertility over the life course, where both the determinants and the outcome are time-varying. Socio-economic determinants like partnership, education, and employment are complex, path-dependent.
rapidly declining fertility take no measures to replenish the diminishing labour force they will be unable to maintain the previous levels of the national production output (Donaldson, ).
More importantly, the demand side of the economy suffers no less dramatic consequences from fertility Size: KB. Socio economic problems of infertility 1. Socio-Economic Problems of Infertility By: Vishakha Kumar 13MSG 2.
Definition of Infertility Infertility is the inability of a sexually active, non- contracepting couple to achieve pregnancy in one year.
The reasons constituting infertility are many. socioeconomic effects in empirical investi-gations of cumulative fertility than does the use of the common "children ever born" variable and is, in addition, rela-tively easy to compute.
NEW MEASURES OF CUMULATIVE MARITAL FERTILITY A relatively simple method of adjusting cumulative fertility for the age-fecundity relation and duration of.
However, China’s marked fertility reduction that had occurred in the s did not get the same momentum into the s, despite government efforts in implementing the much more rigid family planning regulation, the so-called “One-Child per family” programme. The potential for fertility decline created by the socio-economic changes of.
Fertility and Birth Rates March 2 Inthe birth rate for women ages 15 to 29 continued to decline across all age groups, following a small peak in The fertility rate for all U. women is now the lowest it has been since these data have been recorded.
ImportanceFile Size: KB. 98 the effect of fertility reduction on economic Gr o w t h exogenous change takes place. the answer to this question will be very differ-ent from simply observing the natural coevolution of fertility and economic.
Promotion of family planning in countries with high birth rates has the potential to reduce poverty and hunger and avert 32% of all maternal deaths and nearly 10% of childhood deaths. It would also contribute substantially to women's empowerment, achievement of universal primary schooling, and long-term environmental sustainability.
In the past 40 years, family-planning programmes have played Cited by: Fertility rates in the s and early s were much higher, but by the mids fertility rates had begun to drop again. By the s, they had declined to low levels, first in Central Europe, especially Germany, and in East Asia, initially in Japan, followed by the four “Asian Tigers” of South Korea, Singapore, Hong Kong and Taiwan.
Chapter pages in book: (p. - ) An Economic Analysis of Fertility GAR.Y S. BECKER COLUMBIA UNIVERSITY AND NATIONAL BUREAU OF ECONOMIC RESEARCH THE inability of demographers to predict western birth rates accurately in the postwar period has.
Fertility trends and their implications for development. John Bongaarts. Population Council. Demographic consequences of intermediate/ Consequences of low fertilityFile Size: KB. -Between andthe percentage of older individuals (65 and over) in the world population is expected to double, and will nearly double in the U.S.
The United Nations projects that inmore than 2 billion people in 5 people in the world--will be 65 or older. In the U.S., the number and share of people age 80 and older is also.Environmental Consequences of Low Fertility Rates by Meditations on the City is the first Urbanophile e-book, featuring provocative essays on the key issues facing our cities, including innovation, talent attraction and brain drain, global soft power, sustainability, economic development, and localism.
2. Promote family planning. Simply educating men and women about contraception can have a big impact. When Iran introduced a national family planning programme inits fertility rate fell from births per woman to in a decade. A similar effort in Rwanda saw a threefold increase in contraception usage in just five years.